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Rockefeller Archive Center;
This paper examines the role that Austrian economists played in international economics discussions in the 1920s and 1930s. With the support of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, Austrian scholars received the opportunity to study abroad, learning the latest social scientific techniques in use, particularly in the United States. They also applied to the Rockefeller Foundation (RF) for funds to support their ongoing research in Central Europe. The most notable innovation was the Institut für Konjunkturforschung (IfK; Institute for Business Cycle Research), which existed as an independent economics institution until the Anschluss in 1938. The IfK became the crown jewel in a string of Central European business cycle institutes. Under the leadership of Friedrich Hayek and especially Oskar Morgenstern, the institute introduced innovative techniques and produced reliable economic data. Additionally, the Austrians wrote books and organized conferences about the Great Depression. Finally, when many Austrians sought refuge from the ever-worsening political situation in Europe, they turned to their contacts at the RF for assistance in finding employment or for financial assistance. For several of the émigré Austrian scholars, the relationship with the RF endured throughout most of their productive careers. Well into the 1960s, the RF continued to sustain projects from the Austrians, some of which outlived their originators.
Österreichische Forschungsstiftung für Entwicklungshilfe (Ö?FSE);
This document describes a set of standards of transparency and accountability for non-profit organisations that engage in fundraising or grant administration. The publication also includes document templates for certifying compliance with standards.
Presently, the culture of open discussion seems to be threatened in an increasing number of countries. In Central and Eastern Europe's (CEE's) democracies, recent political developments appear to jeopardize progresses made in the past. Against this background, this study aims at shedding light on the dynamics of CEE'scivil society and gives a brief overview of the status quo and recent developments that directly affect civil society. The study was conducted by the Competence Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship at WU Vienna (Vienna University of Economics and Business), commissioned by and in collaboration with ERSTE foundation as well as with a group of country experts. The inclusion of expert assessments on civil society aims at giving a voice primarily to practitioners. Therefore, the study included an online survey in each participating country, addressing CSO representatives operating in various fields of activity.
Bund Gemeinnütziger Stiftungen;
This document intends to illustrate the situation of the non-profit foundations in Austria, what are their current activities and their potential development for the future.
European Citizen Action Service (ECAS);
This study was undertaken to estimate some aspects of the net fiscal impact of EU migrants in four EU countries -- Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The report outlines the role of migrants from EU countries as participants in the labour market, as taxpayers and as benefit recipients also. With regard to social expenditures received by EU migrants, the study focuses on public spending according to key benefit functions. All major social programs are included -- pension, health, and social protection -- as reported by national governments and Eurostat. These schemes include benefits that are both contributory (e.g. pensions) and non-contributory (e.g. income support). With regard to the contribution of EU migrants to national budgets, we estimate both the direct and indirect taxes, which can be attributed to the migrant population. In regard to direct taxes, we estimate taxes on labour including personal income tax and social security contributions. Indirect taxes are levied on consumption (both VAT and other duties such as fuel, tobacco, alcohol taxes, etc.). As the migrants are living in the destination country, they consume goods and services and therefore contribute to the overall fiscal revenues.Through communication with the various institutions responsible for revenue collection and different benefit payments in each country, and after a review of the limited information available, it was revealed that there are no statistical databases, which keep the nationality (citizenship) of individual contributors or recipients. Therefore, these government institutions could not deliver actual data on contributions and outlays related to EU-migrants in the respective country.
European Citizen Action Service (ECAS);
This study was undertaken to estimate some aspects of the net fiscal impact of EU migrants in four EU countries Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The report outlines the role of Fiscal Impact of EU Migrants in Selected Countries migrants from EU countries as participants in the labour market, as taxpayers and as benefit recipients also. The fiscal contribution of EU foreigners has increased substantially in the past several years. Compared to 2009, inn 2013 EU migrants paid 31% more in direct taxes as their wages increased and more EU workers found employment opportunities in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK. As migration accelerated, EU foreigners also paid 44% more on indirect taxes, as they spent more onconsumer purchases. EU foreigners in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK received 35% more benefits than they did in 2009, due to the overall expansion of the welfare state in addition to the inflow of EU migrants.
Österreichische Forschungsstiftung für Entwicklungshilfe (Ö?FSE);
In a first part of a comparative analysis, the GE under meinnützigkeits- and donation regulations of Germany, Austria, France, Britain, Italy and Sweden explained at a glance. Content are the relevant legal and tax bases of Gemeinnützigkeits-and donations law represented. This country report provides an overview of the described beneficiary legal forms of charitable organizations and the conditions of non-profit and linked to it tax breaks. Representation current reform efforts outlined - beyond respectively - if known. For the presentation of national reports could not only official information but also to publications to the countries and from generally accessible information be accessed from the Internet. Here are the country elaborations, depending on the extent information available. This overview includes an evaluation and analysis on the gemeinnützigkeits- and donate regulations. Similarities and differences of the selected legal systems shown. The focus of this section is the taxation arrangements for the Operation of charitable institutions. In the second part of the report are preliminary, the importance of EU legislation for the Gemeinnützigkeits- and donations law described and the political and legal Framework for the third sector set. In particular, touching points between EU law and the Charity Law and thus once forth the points of conflict explained. The conclusion is a summary an outlook on future developments in the law of nonprofit organizations. The expert opinion are the accompanying conditions of the mandate Partnership Flick Gocke Schaumburg basis.
This study intends to provide a better understanding of the challenges with regard to the integration of refugees into the labour-markets. What are the strategies and practices implemented in different EU Member States to facilitate access to employment? What do we know about their effectiveness? What are good practices and lessons learned in different countries? The study includes detailed case studies for the following nine EU Member States: Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The research points to the need for increased coordination at all levels, the conditions for successful public-private partnerships, and the adequate sequence of work integration and language learning, for example. Not least, it makes clear that finding effective ways to bring refugees to work will prove key for Europe's future.It has been produced by the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) at the European University Institute in Florence.Search also for: Volume II "Literature Review and Country Case Studies".
This study intends to provide a better understanding of the challenges with regard to the integration of refugees into the labour-markets. What are the strategies and practices implemented in different EU Member States to facilitate access to employment? What do we know about their effectiveness? What are good practices and lessons learned in different countries? The study includes detailed case studies for the following nine EU Member States: Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The research points to the need for increased coordination at all levels, the conditions for successful public-private partnerships, and the adequate sequence of work integration and language learning, for example. Not least, it makes clear that finding effective ways to bring refugees to work will prove key for Europe's future.It has been produced by the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) at the European University Institute in Florence.Search also for: Volume I of the report "Comparative Analysis and Policy Findings".
Active Citizenship Foundation;
The final report analyses a research project carried out by the Active Citizenship Foundation (FONDACA) and the Active Citizenship Network (ACN) on the partnerships involving businesses and citizens' organisations in Europe. This project was conducted in eight European Union Countries (Austria, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, United Kingdom).The report includes three pages of bibliographical references and an annex consisting of a questionnaire for interviews with Key persons evaluating CSR partnerships between companies and citizens' organisations.
National Zero Waste Council;
BMW's views of the future of car ownership influenced its decision to enter the car-sharing business. DriveNow estimates that an average car is used only about 4% of the time and with half the global population predicted to live in cities by 2050 and parking becoming ever more difficult, urban residents are increasingly looking for alternatives to ownership. Observing that in cities that have embraced car-sharing a single such vehicle has the potential to replace dozens of cars, the company determined it needed to be in the car-sharing sector. It also allows BMW to access customers it normally has trouble reaching, as the average age of the company's buyer is in their mid-40s but the average age of a car sharing user is 32. Younger generations are not as attached to car ownership and continue to make multi-modal choices in transportation.While in the past BMW Group was in the business of selling cars, by the year 2020 it has a vision to be the world's leading provider of premium vehicles and premium services for individual mobility – where cars are provided as a mobility service. The company is equally seeking to make mobility climate-friendly and easy on resources, and has been increasingly combining its car-sharing offers with electric drivetrain solutions which generate zero emissions.Their newest electric vehicle model (i3) incorporates recycled and eco-friendly materials and is being introduced to DriveNow customers.
More than two decades have passed since nonprofit and third-sector researchers "discovered" Central and Eastern Europe as an area of scholarly interest. After the collapse of the communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the fall of the Iron Curtain, scholars noted the emergence of new civil society actors and were curious to understand the role these actors would play in their societies. Since that time, Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has experienced intensive periods of transformation, conflict and renewal. This study is guided by the intention to develop a better understanding of the current state of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe, the diverse pathways of its development, and its possible future trajectories.